February is Male Cancer Awareness Month

occupational-health-tree-300x180As part of Male Cancer Awareness Month, the Occupational Health Service have provided the following information and advice:

Prostate Cancer

Cancer of the prostate is the most common cancer in men. Around 41,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year in the United Kingdom, which accounts for 25 per cent of all newly diagnosed cases of cancer in men. The risk of prostate cancer increases with age and most cases develop in men aged 70 or older, it is rare in men under 50*. Prostate cancer can develop slowly, so there might be no sign of symptoms for years. It happens when the prostate has become enlarged enough to affect the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis)

*Cancer Research UK

Symptoms may include:

  • needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night
  • needing to rush to the toilet
  • difficulty in starting to urinate
  • straining or taking a long time while urinating
  • weak flow
  • feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully
  • blood in urine or semen

Although it is important to remember that non-cancerous prostate enlargement is also a very common cause of the symptoms listed above, it is important to book an appointment with your GP as soon as you notice any symptoms.

For further information on prostate cancer, please click here.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a relatively rare cancer, with approximately 2,200 new cases diagnosed in the UK each year. Around 47 per cent of men diagnosed with this disease will be under the age of 35. If caught at an early stage, men can expect a high cure rate with 98 per cent of men disease free at one year. If caught at any stage, 96 per cent of men will be alive ten years after treatment*.

It is vital to perform a self-check each month.

* Orchid

Common symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  •  A lump or swelling in part of one testicle – cancerous lumps can be any size, as small as a pea or much larger.
  • Testicular cancer is not usually painful, but some men report feeling a dull ache in the affected testicle or lower abdomen and one in five affected men may have a sharp pain in the scrotum as a first symptom.
  • The scrotum may feel heavy.

If you do find anything out of the ordinary, please book an appointment to see your GP as soon as possible.

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